Safety at House
Being aware and alert will go a long way in keeping you safe. Make your home safe.
(i) Do not touch electric wires or switches with wet hands.
(ii) Do not lean over the balcony railings.
(iii) Do not run on the stairs.
(iv) Do not take a lighted matchstick near the gas stove. It may catch fire.
(v) Do not light fire works inside or near your home.
(vi) Do not slide over banister.
Safety on the Road
Most road accidents can be avoided if drivers were more careful. Safety on the road is more important than ever before because of the rapid increase in traffic and vehicles.
(i) Always follow safety rules on the road as follows:
(ii) Always walk on the footpath.
(iii) Do not run on the road.
(iv) Follow traffic rules.
(v) Use the zebra-crossing to cross the road.
(vi) Follow traffic rules while riding a bicycle or driving a car.
Earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, tides and cyclones etc. are natural disasters that can cause a great damage to human life. These occur naturally. Except earthquakes, the other natural calamities can be predicted and people can move away from approaching tsunamis, cyclones or floods.
Safety at Earthquake
Some areas experience earthquakes more frequently. During a strong earthquake, the ground shakes with a great force and damage human lives and buildings. A strong earthquake in the sea of more than 7 on the richter scale can cause a tsunami in which sea water rushes into the coastal region with great force.
(i) During an earthquake don’t be panic:
(ii) Stay calm. Do not stand in balconies and do not use lifts.
(iii) If indoors, get down under a table, desk or bed to avoid injuries. Always cover your head with a pillow or cushion to save you from falling objects.
(iv) Turn off gas, taps and electric switches.
(v) If objects start falling, leave the house at once, stand in an open away from the buildings.
(vi) lfoutdoors, avoid being close to high buildings, walls, electricity, telephone poles and trees.
(vii) lf on the road drive away from underpasses, tunnels and bridges. Stop in a safe area.
Safety After an earthquake
(i) Do not spread messages that may cause panic and fear.
(ii) Do not enter damaged buildings.
(iii) Remain alert, because strong aftershocks are possible.
(iv) Check for injury, leakage of gas, water and for broken power lines.
(v) Wear shoes and helmets.
(vi) Do not use telephone or mobile phones unless it is an emergency. Telephone exchanges and networks get jammed if thousands of people make calls at a time.
Safety at Floads and Cyclones
Floods usually occur on the river banks and in coastal regions. A cyclone is a severe storm with strong winds. It generally occurs during the rainy season. Coastal regions are more prone to cyclones.
Cyclone warnings are broadcasted to alert people about an approaching storm, which can take at least a couple of days to hit the coast. Cyclone causes heavy rains and strong winds. This causes flooding in coastal regions. Strong winds uproot trees and break telephone and power lines. Flood water submerges fields, damage houses, roads and bridges.
Safety at During and after floods
(i) Listen to radio and watch television for the latest weather warnings.
(ii) Keep the survival kit handy.
(iii) Turn off gas and power connections before leaving your house.
(iv) Move to a relief camp. Do not go near flood waters.
(v) Keep off gutters and drains.
(vi) Stay away from electric poles and broken power line.
(vii) Do not use electrical goods, if wet.
(viii) Eat freshly cooked food and drink boiled water only.